Georgia Peanuts: What It Takes to Grow Peanuts

Peanuts are a fantastic source of protein and include a variety of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients.
This is essential for the growth of our muscles, immune systems, brains, and many other body organs. These nutrients are good for our bodies in numerous ways and shield us from a variety of disorders. To produce the healthiest possible peanut, research like ours and those on farming and peanut breeding technologies is crucial. Contrary to its name, peanuts are really legumes that fix their own nitrogen, not nuts as we typically think of them. This makes peanuts incredibly amazing. They don’t need much, if any, additional soil fertilizer.

The very small roots on that taproot each have nitrogen nodules attached to them.
They are manufacturing their own nitrogen and fertilizer since nitrogen is a source for fertilizer.
We cultivate cotton, maize, and other crops that require fertile soil. It works incredibly well with many of the crops that we cultivate in the South because peanuts restore that. There are furthermore other advantages. The use of water by peanuts is quite effective. Peanuts are one of those crops that tend to use water extremely effectively, and I believe we have all learnt to appreciate water and its use highly.

We hardly ever apply insecticides on peanuts to control insects. The peanut crops are visited by a variety of helpful insects. So from the perspective of the ecology, along with all the advantages of nitrogen and water use, as well as helpful insects that manage harmful insects, I believe it’s a really amazing crop. For peanut planting to succeed very effectively, it needs a few factors. We believe we have such circumstances since it’s a beautiful May day in Middle Georgia and both the air and the soil are at ideal temperatures. And the moment has come to plant.

We prefer sandier soil for growing peanuts since it makes it easier for us to dig.
When the soil moisture hits 70 degrees or above, we normally plant peanuts. In order to level up our beds, which we constructed back in April, and to remove any potential clods, we first run over them. The planter comes just after that throughout that process. We are planting seed at a depth of around two inches. Each acre will get about 160 pounds of peanut seed.

It wasalmost 30,000 pounds of peanut seed over our entire enterprise this year. On average, we produce 6,000 pounds per acre. Even if the seed is included, you may estimate that 75% of that will be peanuts on a plant. There are likely 10 to 12 pods that can be harvested. The most important aspect of cultivating peanuts is knowing when to dig the plant, which is determined on the proportion of harvestable pods.

Science plays a role. It incorporates some artistic elements. The University of Georgia created a chart that allows us to scrape the outside layer of peanut holes and decide whether it is three days or three weeks before we should start digging by observing the color of those outer layers. And science is involved there. We are assessing the peanuts that are on the plant at that moment, which is somewhere in August or September, and determining when it is OK to dig.

Dark brown and black are the most mature, whereas white is the least. And from a farmer’s perspective, maturity has a significant impact on how we are compensated and the price per ton. But from the perspective of the consumer, a ripe peanut has the finest flavor. The digger-shaker-inverter that we’re using to dig the peanuts just lifts them out of the ground, shakes some dirt off, turns them up, and lets them dry so that we can harvest them in three to four days with our harvesting machinery. A peanut combine is unlike almost every other form of combine you could wish to have in terms of how it operates internally. The device is a cylinder that is probably this size around, with spring-loaded teeth that nearly completely pull the peanuts off of the vines and the vines apart.

And after that, the peanuts are placed in the hopper while the vines are let to rest on the ground. The flavor of the newly excavated peanuts is radically different since they have a high moisture content. You get more of that nutty flavor since we dry them on down to 10% so they can store. Each wagon has a capacity of around seven tons when we fill them with material from our peanut combines. Going to a buying point is the standard procedure for buying peanuts. I’ve spent eight years inspecting peanuts. Then, in this chamber, we grade the peanuts, removing any sticks, pebbles, or stones before shelling them to check for moisture and ensuring that we and the consumer are both protected by receiving high-quality peanuts. And we’ll create a grading sheet at the conclusion. It functions like a report card, giving us all the details we require to compensate the farmer. Because it helps us decide how much to pay farmers for their products, the inspection procedure is crucial to the buying process.

We purchase the peanuts from the farmer and then send them to the shelling facility where they are processed into products like peanut butter, peanut candy, salted nuts, and peanut oil. A large portion of the items are sold in Georgia, although they are also exported. They also travel overseas. The level of pride I have in what we do is what motivates me to get out of bed in the morning and go to work. We go to work knowing that we are practically a farmer’s only source of income, and it is our duty to take good care of his crop and manage it so he may profit the most at the end of the year. Of course we all prefer to pay our bills at the end of the year, but for me the fact that this is a plant that is growing makes it worthwhile.

 

You can see the top, but until you turn the plant over, you really have no idea what lies below.
Turning the plant over to see the results of years of planning, working, and preparing is the coolest thing ever. And, you know, I believe that’s one of the special blessings of being a peanut farmer: watching that plant grow and contribute to healthy soil, which in turn contributes to a healthy crop. We work to maximize our productivity and preserve the health of that soil for future generations so that we can continue to produce delicious peanuts. We are able to feed each other.

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